Diabetes is a disease in which your body does not make enough insulin or cannot use normal amounts of insulin properly.
There are multiple connections and interactions between diabetes and the kidney:
(1) The kidney accounts for one-third to one-half of the metabolic clearance of insulin and glucagon.
(2) glycosuria is a defense mechanism against hyperglycemia controlled by an intricate glucose sensing and glucose transport system.
(3) the kidney is affected by and affects insulin resistance.
(4) the kidney is capable of gluconeogenesis and, in certain conditions, contributes substantially to total-body glucose release.
Diabetes kidney disease is a complication that occurs in some people with diabetes. It can progress to kidney failure in some cases. Treatment aims to prevent or delay the progression of the disease. Also, it aims to reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack and stroke which are much more common than average in people with this disease.
Dialysis is a life-saving medical procedure that basically performs the same duties as the kidneys, cleaning the body of harmful toxins. If these toxins aren’t removed, they can affect other organs, including the heart and brain. Untreated, kidney failure causes death.