Hypoproteinemia can cause severe edema all over the body. Patients will feel much discomfort and inconvenient even they are unwilling to see people. This effects their life and work badly. So it is important to know how to treat hypoproteinemia in nephrotic syndrome.
In nephrotic syndrome, glomerular permeability increases so glomerulus can’t prevent protein from going out. Protein flowing into urine causes liver to form more and renal tubules to resolve more albumin. When liver can’t create enough albumin to overcome loss and resolving, hypoproteinemia will happen.
Protein is very important to our body,When there’s loss of protein, body’s function will decrease.
As protein can transport nutrition and oxygen to our organs and form antibody, patients with hypoproteinemia can have deficiency of trace elements.
Protein can also create antibody and strengthen immunity to resist inflammations. So patients can easily have inflammations and low-grade immunity.
Other common symptoms are endocrine disorder and hypercoagulability, etc.
When patients lose too much protein, it is necessary to supply protein to them. There are two ways of supplement: eat more high-quality protein food and have protein transfusion. But these must be controlled in a certain level because too much protein will bring burden to kidney. The proper amount is 0.8-1.0/kg weight/day.
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When the immunity improves, glomerulus can function normally to filter protein from flowing out. So hypoproteinemia will be alleviated.
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