Why Muscle Cramps Occur in Dialysis Patients

Muscle cramps is the common complications in hemodialysis, it may last for few seconds but very painful. In severe cases, dialysis may have to stop. Then, why muscle cramps occur in dialysis patients? Follow me to find the answer.

Generally speaking, muscle cramp occurs in legs, hands, feet, when it happens, patients can’t control it and brings great pain to patients. Several main causes are as follows.


During the hemodialysis, much fluid is discharged out of the body, the liquid contain much necessary nutrient substances, if these matters are lost, patients may experience low blood volume or low blood pressure, so muscle cramps appears. Besides, if the fluid is removed at a fast rate, cramps may also occur.

Drinking too much fluid between two dialysis

If patients drink too much fluid during two dialysis, it will also cause cramps easily. Thereby, doctors suggest patients do not drink too much fluid during the course of hemodialysis. In addition, if patients choose low sodium dialysis solution, cramps can also present.

Moreover, changes in electrolyte-water balance, inadequate oxygen, low magnesium in blood, shortage of carnitine may also lead to muscle cramps. If you want to know more details, chat with our online doctors, we will provide more informations to you.

Though muscle cramps are troubling many patients, there are many methods to remit the symptoms. Such as, it is proved that vitamin E can relieve the symptom of cramps, and short-term treatment with vitamin E is safe and effective for those are receiving dialysis. Besides, Quinine is also helpful to reduce the pain of cramps.

Some mild stretch exercises such as walking, riding a stationary bicycle during dialysis may also beneficial to decrease the occurrence of muscle cramps.

After the above analysis and introduction, we believe you have learn a lot about the causes of muscle cramps. Any unclear? Contact us by email: kidneyfailurecn@hotmail.com , we are always here to help you. Good luck!


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